Brown, S. D., et al. 1992. Field-Programmable Gate Arrays. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic. 206 p. ISBN 0-7923-9248-5. TK7872.L64F54. Introduction to FPGAs, Commercially Available FPGAs, Technology Mapping for FPGAs, Logic Block Architecture, Routing for FPGAs, Flexibility of FPGA Routing Resources, A Theoretical Model for FPGA Routing. Includes an introduction to commercially available FPGAs. The rest of the book covers research on logic synthesis for FPGAs and FPGA architectures, concentrating on LUT-based architectures.
Greene, J., et al. 1993. “Antifuse field programmable gate arrays.” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 81, no. 7, pp. 1042–1056. Review article describing the Actel FPGAs. (Included in the Actel 1994 data book.)
Kouloheris, J. L. 1993. “Empirical study of the effect of cell granularity on FPGA density and performance.” Ph.D. Thesis, Stanford, CA. 114 p. Detailed research study of the different FPGA architectures concentrating on structures similar to the Actel and Altera FPGAs.